Diabetes & Dental Hygiene

November is Diabetes Awareness Month—an ideal time for dental hygienists across Canada to remind us of the important connections between diabetes and oral health. According … more

. Low GI foods, regular exercise and dental hygiene appointments can help manage both T2D and periodontal disease. Both T2D and periodontal disease result in an elevation of proinflammatory cytokines and altered oral and/or gut microbiome. T2D is characterized by an elevated level of blood glucose and insulin resistance which causes the liver to increase the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines that can travel and target periodontal tissue resulting in destruction of the periodontium and disease associated oral bacteria. P. gingivalis, an oral bacteria, causes periodontal disease which in turn further stimulates the production of this pathogen that can travel and target the liver resulting in T2D. Additionally, T2D can alter the oral microbiome and increase the number of pathogenic bacteria. Periodontal disease can also alter the oral and gut microbiome and increase disease-associated bacteria which alters metabolic activity and increases T2D risk. Note. GI = glycemic index; P. gingivalis = porphyromonas gingivalis. Diagram created with Biorender.

Periodontal Disease and Type 2 Diabetes

Chronic Diseases and Periodontal Health Every 24 hours, 480 Canadian men and women are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D).1 In 2019, 11 million Canadians … more

People with Diabetes Not Visiting the Dentist

Adults with diabetes are less likely to visit the dentist than people with prediabetes or without diabetes, finds a new study led by researchers at … more

Diabetes and Dental Hygiene

On November 14, Canadian dental hygienists will join more than 1 billion people worldwide in marking World Diabetes Day.  As primary health care providers, dental … more