June 29, 2015
by American Academy of Periodontology
Study Published in the Journal of Periodontology (JOP) Reveals that Drinking May Increase Periodontal Disease Risk Factors, Exacerbate Existing Periodontitis
In a recent study published ahead of print in the Journal of Periodontology, Brazilian researchers have found that consumption of alcoholic beverages can have adverse effects on the health of a person’s gums, aggravating existing cases of severe periodontal disease or increasing periodontal disease risk factors. Moreover, previous research indicates that poor oral hygiene is a common trait in alcohol users, thus increasing drinkers’ susceptibility for developing periodontal disease.
“Although the topic of alcohol use and its effect on periodontal health requires further research, this report offers valuable insight on why our patients should care for their gums and teeth, especially if they enjoy the occasional drink,” remarked Joan Otomo-Corgel, DDS, MPH, President of the American Academy of Periodontology.
In the study entitled, “Alcohol Consumption and Periodontitis: Quantification of Periodontal Pathogens and Cytokines,” researchers assessed a sample of 542 regular alcohol users, occasional drinkers, and non-drinkers both with and without periodontitis.
Some key findings noted in the study include:
“Alcohol slows the production of saliva, which helps neutralize the acids produced by plaque, and an accumulation of these acids can lead to the early stages of periodontal disease,” continued Dr. Otomo-Corgel. “For patients who are diagnosed with periodontal disease, it’s imperative that they are encouraged to be completely honest about their drinking habits. This information can guide in determining appropriate treatment and next steps.”
A full version of “Alcohol Consumption and Periodontitis: Quantification of Periodontal Pathogens and Cytokines,” study can be found in an upcoming print edition of the Journal of Periodontology.
For more information about periodontal disease, please visit www.perio.org.
About the Journal of PeriodontologyEstablished in 1930 as the official publication of the American Academy of Periodontology, the Journal of Periodontology (JOP) publishes original papers of the highest scientific quality to support the practice, education, and research in the dental specialty of periodontics. The Journal is published monthly. About the American Academy of PeriodontologyThe American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) represents over 8,000 periodontists—specialists in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of inflammatory diseases affecting the gums and supporting structures of the teeth, and in the placement of dental implants. Periodontics is one of the nine dental specialties recognized by the American Dental Association.
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