Oral Health Group

In vitro evaluation of the effect of post system and length on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated human anterior teeth


March 22, 2012
by ken

Sahil Jindal, Ritu Jindal, et al – CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS

Abstract Objectives  The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of post system and length on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated human anterior teeth.

Material and method  Seventy-five extracted human incisors were endodontically treated, out of which 60 were decoronated 2 mm above the cementoenamel junction and divided into two experimental groups based on the type of post system to be used: glass fiber post (GFP) and Ribbond fiber post groups (RFP). Endodontically treated human anterior teeth in which no post was placed served as control group. Each group was divided into two subgroups according to the length of post space: 5 and 10 mm and all the samples were restored with metal crowns. The fracture resistance was measured by applying loads at an angle of 130° to the long axis of teeth in an Instron universal testing machine.

Results  The results revealed that GFP group at 10-mm post space length showed the significantly highest fracture resistance (740.2133 N) among all groups and subgroups. Decrease in post length resulted in the decrease in fracture resistance in GFP group (425.1867 N), whereas in group RFP 5-mm subgroup (299.6200 N) showed significantly higher fracture resistance than 10-mm subgroup (216.9300 N) but lesser than the control (437.8733 N) in both the subgroups.

Conclusion  Glass fiber posts efficiently increase the fracture resistance of an endodontically treated tooth but the determination of optimal post length is also essential.

Clinical relevance  The present investigation highlights the significance of using glass fiber posts in the restoration of endodontically treated teeth. Endodontically treated teeth restored with glass fiber posts showed increased fracture strength and favorable mode of fracture, and are therefore highly recommended to achieve better clinical outcomes.

By way of example……….from the ROOTS forum….images – double click – speak to themselves…….ortho extrusion option to resolve fracture.